Caerphilly

United Kingdom

Posted: Sep 15, 2021 | Updated: Nov 30, 2021

Famous for the cheese of the same name, you will find that most Caerphilly cheese is now actually produced in England. But if you find yourself in the stunning Brecon Beacons National Park, rather than cheese hunting, Caerphilly is the ideal location for a short break from your main destination which surely would not be Caerphilly.

Caerphilly has a splendid castle and a superb example of medieval military architecture approaching the zenith of castle design. It was also a public holiday when we visited, and a medieval re-enactment group were there to fire off a few arrows and a trebuchet.


The Highlights

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Posted: Apr 12, 2009 | Updated: Nov 30, 2021

Caerphilly Castle - one of the great medieval forts

With the Roman fort of Caerleon and the beautiful Brecon Beacons National Park now just recent memories, next on my Welsh tour was Caerphilly Castle, one of the truly great strongholds of medieval Europe. With its bold inner defences overlooking and commanding the lower outer walls and salients, Caerphilly is often cited as fine example of the 'concentric' or 'walls-within-walls' principle of fortification.

The castle was built at breakneck speed in response to the major political and military threat from Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Gwynedd. By the 1260s the prince had advanced his frontiers to within a few miles of Caerphilly. In the event, Caerphilly's short history as a front line fortress ended with the punitive wars in North Wales by Edward I in 1276-77 and 1282-83. With the removal of the threat and that of smaller rebellions, from the mid 14th century this once magnificent castle was allowed to fall into decay.

1) Caerphilly Castle
2) The postern gate
3) The South Dam
4) Main Outer Gatehouse
5) Main Outer Gatehouse
6) The North Dam
7) Northwest Tower and hourd
8) The East Gatehouse

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