Construction at Stonehenge started around 3000 BC when the outer circular bank and ditch were erected. 1000 years later an inner circle of granite stones, known as bluestones from their original colouring was added. Incredibly, these four ton mammoths had been hauled 250 miles from South Wales. Around 1500 BC, the huge stones that make Stonehenge recognisable were erected in a circle and topped by equally massive slabs.
Stonehenge is still one of Britain's great archaeological mysteries: although there are countless theories about what the site was used for, ranging from a sacrificial centre to a celestial timepiece, in truth no one really knows what drove prehistoric Britons to expend so much time and effort on its construction.
30 Apr 2006 - Stonehenge, EnglandOn the way back from Bath and Bristol we stopped at Stonehenge. It wasn't quite what I expected as the stones and site actually looks smaller and less impressive in real life than in the many pictures that have been taken of it. Nonetheless, the enormity of what the site represents in terms of the effort needed to construct it and its purpose was not lost on me.
Stone Henge - Lintels, unique features of Stonehenge
There are other stone circles in Europe but Stonehenge is unique in that it has stones on top of the upright ones. These are called the lintels.
Stone Henge - Ball and socket joint
In this shot you can see the 'ball and socket' joint which was used to keep the lintels securely in place.