Deal & Walmer

United Kingdom

Posted: Sep 15, 2021 | Updated: Jan 21, 2022

Deal is a town in Kent, England. It lies on the English Channel eight miles north-east of Dover. It is a small fishing community situated between Dover and Ramsgate. Closely associated with Deal are the villages of Kingsdown, Sholden and Walmer, the latter being where Julius Caesar first arrived in Britain (best guess by historians).

Deal was named as a 'limb port' of the Cinque Ports in 1278. Due to its position on the Downs, the town grew to become for a while the busiest port in England; today it enjoys the reputation of being a quiet seaside resort, its quaint streets and houses the only reminder of its fascinating history. The coast of France is approximately twenty-five miles from the town, and is visible on clear days.

Its finest building is the Tudor Deal Castle, commissioned by King Henry VIII and designed in a rose floor plan.

Close by is Walmer with its castle also built to protect against invasion.


The Highlights

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Posted: May 30, 2009 | Updated: Jan 21, 2022

Walmer Castle

Walmer Castle and its beautiful formal gardens are a major attraction for visitors. The official residence of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports since the 18th Century. Famous Lords Warden have included Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, Sir Winston Churchill, William Pitt the Younger, and the Duke of Wellington (of the Battle of Waterloo fame). Wellington lived there for 23 years and the castle houses not only a collection of Wellington memorabilia but also the room in which he died. The Castle was built in 1540 as one of three on this part of the Kent coast by orders of Henry VIII. The others were nearby Deal and Sandown (north Deal) - Sandown has been lost to coastal erosion.

1) Across the Walmer Castle moat
2) Walmer Castle - in the moat
3) Walmer Castle
4) Invasion defences
5) Walmer Castle gardens I
6) Walmer Castle gardens II
7) Duke of Wellington's death mask
8) Duke of Wellington's death chair

Posted: May 29, 2009 | Updated: Jan 21, 2022

Deal Castle

Deal castle is one of the most impressive forts built by Henry VIII between 1539 and 1540 as an artillery fortress to counter the threat of invasion from Catholic France and Spain. It is shaped like a Tudor rose, being perfectly symmetrical, with a low, circular keep at its centre. Around the circumference of the keep are six bastions, with a further series of six bastions in the curtain wall, one of which serves as the gatehouse. All the outer walls of the castle and bastions are rounded to both provide strength and to deflect shot more efficiently than flat walls. Over 200 cannon and gun ports were set within the walls and the entire structure was completely surrounded by a very deep, wide moat.

1) Revolutionary castle design
2) Gun platform
3) Gun platform sloping
4) Dry moat
5) Entrance to Deal Castle
6) Murder holes above the entrance

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